Time: 10:00 AM - 11:30 AM
Location: Theater Coffman Memorial Union
This year's lecture will focus on "Personalized Public Health Through Integration of Neurocognitive and Public Health Science: A Global Perspective on Prevention and Control of Cigarette Smoking."
C. Anderson (Andy) Johnson is Dean and Professor at the School of Community and Global Health of the Claremont Graduate University.
His research focuses on social psychological and neurocognitive based approaches to prevention of dysfunctional appetitive behaviors, including tobacco, alcohol and drug abuse, and obesity related behavior. His current work focuses on individual dispositional characteristics and social environmental contexts as they work in combination (culture by environment and genetic phenotype by environment interactions) to affect tobacco and alcohol use trajectories and prevention at different points in the trajectories.
Dr. Johnson’s PhD was in Social Psychology with an emphasis in neurocognitive science from Duke University, and his early postdoctoral work was in environmental psychology and epidemiology at the National Bureau of Standards and the University of Minnesota, respectively. He was Sidney Garfield Professor and founding Director of the Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research (IPR) at the University of Southern California for 28 years before moving to the Claremont Graduate University in March of 2008.
Cigarette smoking increases in the developing world while it declines in many economically developed nations. Traditional approaches to prevention and control of cigarette smoking may not be sufficient to stem the tide in the rush to economic prosperity and lifestyles associated with prosperity in the minds of many.
New technologies offer the potential for more personalized interventions that address variations in human motivation and decision styles. Brain development in adolescence and early adulthood shapes the potential for risky and addictive behaviors, including cigarette smoking. In a series of experimental epidemiologic and laboratory studies we have identified several neurocogntive factors that serve as risk factors for accelerated trajectories in dysfunctional appetitive behavior. Furthermore, some of these factors appear to predispose individuals to greater receptivity to prevention and control interventions. Among these are depression, impulsivity, and hostility. Especially implicated are neural systems that regulate affective decisions, or choices made under emotional arousal.
This lecture summarizes the results of these studies carried out in the U.S. and China and suggests a new personalized or individualized approach to public health wherein interventions are delivered via new media (cell phones, iPads, etc.) targeted to individual neurocognitive and psychological characteristics and in response to immediate environmental circumstances.
The Carl J. Martinson, MD, Lectureship in Preventive Medicine was established by The Martinson Clinic Foundation as an endowed annual lecture in the interest of health promotion and disease prevention, to be conducted for the University of Minnesota, through the Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health.
The lecture honors the memory of Carl J. Martinson, MD, who founded the Minnetonka Hospital, The Martinson Clinic, and actively promulgated good health habits as the way to a productive, long, happy life.
More information: http://www.facebook.com/events/198555000235723/
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